This paper addresses the extent to which the G20 pays serious attention to the issue of climate change under Indonesia’s presidency. It provides an overview of the priority agenda related to climate change and debatable issues during the negotiation process. This paper then highlights multifaceted challenges to build consensus on climate actions in the G20 and commendable deliverables as outcomes of the G20 in 2022. Recommendations are proposed at the end of the paper.
In this paper, we argue that renewable energy offers more than simply technological benefits to the energy sector; it also offers an opportunity for distributed energy resources (mini-grids, roof top solar) and community ownership and management of energy resources to advance national power development agendas. We draw on case studies from Cambodia and Vietnam to demonstrate that decentralized renewable energy options can provide rural communities with clean and affordable electricity that also offer a range of social, economic, environmental, technological and political benefits.
Myanmar’s energy planning is highly centralized. The state-managed energy infrastructure has struggled to meet growing demand for electricity and connect populations living in remote regions to the national electricity grid. The 2021 military coup has further undermined the centralized energy system. This paper highlights ongoing exclusions in energy access and evaluates the limitations of centralized electrification, before turning to examine the viability of decentralized offgrid energy options in Myanmar.