Critique of the Green Economy- Towards Social and Environmental Equity

Critique of the Green Economy- Towards Social and Environmental Equity

October 28, 2013 by Barbara Unmüßig, Wolfgang Sachs and Thomas Fatheuer
Heinrich Böll Foundation
For free
Place of Publication: Berlin
Date of Publication: June 2012
Number of Pages: 54
License: CC-BY-NC-ND
ISBN: 978-3-86928-089-9

Since the first UN Conference on the Environment and Development in Rio in 1992, all the important environmental trends have taken a turn for the worse. In politics and industry decisions are still taken with scant regard for climate change, biodiversity loss or dwindling resources. The idea of unfettered growth as the way to end poverty and escape economic and financial crisis remains largely undisputed and is currently reflected in the concept of the green economy. But not everything that is “green” and efficient is also environmentally sustainable and socially equitable. This essay outlines a policy of less, of wealth in moderation, to enable the Earth’s resources and atmosphere to support the whole human population and to make a life of dignity and without need possible for all.

Table of contents:

  1. Foreword
  2. Brazil – the fine line between abundance and over-exploitation 
  3. The decline of neoliberalism and the precarious process of consolidation
  4. The Latin American miracle 
  5. Resource boom – the cornerstone of success 
  6. It all comes back to the Amazon
  7. From Rio to Rio 
  8. Stalled agreements 
  9. Changed power and interest constellations
  10. The mistaken creed of development 
  11. Avoiding responsibility
  12. The environmental price of globalization
  13. Reversing the trend: a pipe dream
  14. Green economy – the new panacea?
  15. The green economy according to UNEP 26 Monetizing nature – a way out of the ecosystem crisis?
  16. Green growth according to the OECD
  17. Bio-economy – the rise of the bio-masters
  18. Technology and efficiency as a cure-all
  19. A blind spot: human rights 36 Blueprint for an economy of moderation
  20. An economy of sufficiency
  21. Social commons as an economic factor
  22. Wealth in diversity
  23. References